AskDefine | Define desiccate

Dictionary Definition

desiccate adj : lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless; "a technically perfect but arid performance of the sonata"; "a desiccate romance"; "a prissy and emotionless creature...settles into a mold of desiccated snobbery"-C.J.Rolo [syn: arid, desiccated]

Verb

1 preserve by removing all water and liquids from; "carry dehydrated food on your camping trip" [syn: dehydrate]
2 remove water from; "All this exercise and sweating has dehydrated me" [syn: dehydrate]
3 lose water or moisture; "In the desert, you get dehydrated very quickly" [syn: dehydrate, dry up] [ant: hydrate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

des"ic*cate

Verb

  1. to dry
  2. to preserve by drying

Synonyms

Antonyms

Translations

to dry
to preserve by drying

Extensive Definition

Desiccation is the state of extreme dryness, or the process of extreme drying. A desiccant is a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains such a state in its local vicinity in a moderately-well sealed container.

Science

Desiccator

In science, a desiccator is a heavy glass or plastic container used in practical chemistry for making or keeping small amounts of material very dry. The material is placed on a shelf, and a drying agent or desiccant, such as dry silica gel or anhydrous sodium hydroxide, is placed below the shelf.
Often some sort of humidity indicator is included in the desiccator to show, by color changes, the level of humidity. These indicators are in the form of indicator plugs or indicator cards. The active chemical is cobalt chloride (CoCl2). Anhydrous cobalt chloride is blue. When it bonds with two water molecules, (CoCl2•2H2O), it turns purple. Further hydration results in the pink hexaaquacobalt(II) chloride complex [Co(H2O)6]2+.

Biology and ecology

In biology and ecology, desiccation refers to the drying out of a living organism, such as when aquatic animals are taken out of water, or when plants are exposed to sunlight or drought. Ecologists frequently study and assess various organisms' susceptibility to desiccation.

Broadcasting

In broadcast engineering, a desiccator may be used to pressurize the feedline of a high-power transmitter. Because it carries very high electrical power levels from the transmitter to the antenna, the feedline must have a good dielectric. Because it must also be lightweight so as not to overload the radio tower, air is often used as the dielectric. Since moisture can condense in these lines, desiccated air or nitrogen gas is pumped in. This pressure also keeps water or other dampness from coming in the line at any point along its length.
desiccate in German: Trocknungsmittel
desiccate in French: Dessiccation
desiccate in Italian: Essiccamento
desiccate in Japanese: 乾燥
desiccate in Polish: Eksykator
desiccate in Portuguese: Dessecação

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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